Startseite Kongressberichte & Archiv ESMO 2019 Gastrointestinal Cancers Metastatic Gastric, Pancreatic & Biliary Cancer

Interview with Elizabeth Smith about 3rd line Trifluridine/Tipiracil (TAS-102); Choice of Posters with TAS-102

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Alsina et al. Efficacy and safety of trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) in European patients with heavily pretreated metastatic gastric cancer (mGC): an analysis of the TAGS study

Conclusions:  FTD/TPI was effective and well tolerated in European patients, consistent with the overall population of TAGS. (also of interest: Efficacy and Safety of Trifluridine/Tipiracil Treatment in Patients With Metastatic Gastric Cancer Who Had Undergone Gastrectomy Subgroup Analyses of a Randomized Clinical Trial

See also: 

  • David H. Ilson et al. Efficacy and safety of trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) in patients (pts) with metastatic gastric cancer (mGC) with or without prior gastrectomy: Results from a phase III study (TAGS). Abstract
  • Wasat Mansoor et al. Trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) in patients (pts) with metastatic gastroesophageal junction cancer (mGEJC): Subgroup analysis from TAGS. Abstract 4038
  • H-T Arkenau et al. LBA25 TAGS: A phase III, randomised, double-blind study of trifluridine/tipiracil (TAS-102) versus placebo in patients with refractory metastatic gastric cancer. Annals of Oncology, Volume 29, Issue suppl_8, October 2018, mdy424.027
  • J Tabernero et al. LBA-002 Overall survival results from a phase III trial of trifluridine/tipiracil versus placebo in patients with metastatic gastric cancer refractory to standard therapies (TAGS). Annals of Oncology, Volume 29, Issue suppl_5, June 2018, mdy208.001

 

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Macarulla et al. Integrated population pharmacokinetic modelling of liposomal irinotecan in patients with various tumour types, including untreated metastatic pancreatic cancer (mPC)

Conclusions:  The PK of nal-IRI and SN-38 in patients with mPC is well described by the population model. The results suggest that UGT status has no impact on the PK of nal-IRI.

See also:

 

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Merz et al. Plasmatic CXCL8 is a marker for TGFß- activated kinase 1 (TAK1) activation which may predict resistance to nanoliposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) in gemcitabine- refractory pancreatic cancer (PC) patients

Conclusions:  We identified CXCL8 as the most significant circulating marker of TAK1 activation. Our study candidates CXCL8 as a potential predictive biomarker of resistance to nal-IRI in gemcitabine-refractory PC patients.

See also:

  • Glassman DC et al. Nanoliposomal irinotecan with fluorouracil for the treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer, a single institution experience. BMC Cancer.2018 Jun 27;18(1):693. PDF
  • Woo W et al. Spotlight on liposomal irinotecan for metastatic pancreatic cancer: patient selection and perspectives. Onco Targets Ther. 2019 Feb 21;12:1455-1463 PDF

 

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Yoo et al. Multicenter randomized phase II trial of 5-Fluorouracil/leucovorin (5FU/LV) with or without liposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) in metastatic biliary tract cancer (BTC) as second-line therapy after progression on gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GemCis): NIFTY trial

Trial design:  NIFTY trial is a multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase II trial and 5 referral cancer centers in Korea participated in this study. Histologically documented biliary tract cancer (intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and gallbladder cancer), documented progression on 1st line Gem/Cis, and at least one measurable lesion are key inclusion criteria. Eligible patients are randomized with 1:1 ratio to experimental arm (80 mg/m2 irinotecan hydrochloride trihydrate salt equivalent to 70 mg/m2 irinotecan free base over 90 minutes, followed by 400 mg/m2 LV over 30 min, and then 2400 mg/m2 5-FU over 46 h, every 2 weeks) and control arm (400 mg/m2 LV over 30 min, and then 2400 mg/m2 5-FU over 46 h, every 2 week). Response evaluation is graded by RECIST v1.1 and conducted every 6 weeks. Primary endpoint is progression-free survival and secondary endpoints are overall survival, response rates, quality of life assessed by EORTC QLQ-C30 and safety profile. We hypothesized that the addition of nal-IRI to 5-FU/LV would enhance the PFS to median 3.3 months (P1) from median 2.0 (P0) with 5-FU/LV alone. With alpha of 0.05, power of 80%, and drop-out rates of 10%, a total of 174 patients (87 patients per each arm) are needed based on this hypothesis. As of March 2019, a total of 89 patients (51% of the target number) are enrolled.

See also:

  • Thomas Jens Ettrich et al. Liposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) or gemcitabine plus cisplatin in advanced cholangiocarcinoma: The AIO-NIFE-trial, an open label, randomized, multicenter phase II trial. Abstract TPS4145