Gynäkologische Onkologie, Zusammenfassung wichtiger Ergebnisse vom ASCO 2019
Shitanshu Uppal, Paola Gehrig, Monica Hagan Vetter, Brittany Anne Davidson, et al.
Recurrence rates in cervical cancer patients treated with abdominal versus minimally invasive radical hysterectomy: A multi-institutional analysis of 700 cases.
Conclusions: In this large retrospective analysis, patients undergoing MIS for early stage cervical cancer had higher odds of recurrence. In patients with 2 cm or less tumor on preoperative assessment, recurrence rates were similar between the two groups. Role of manipulator in increasing recurrence should be further studied in this patient population.
Gemma Kenter, Stefano Greggi, Ignace Vergote, Dionyssios Katsaros, et al.
Results from neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery compared to chemoradiation for stage Ib2-IIb cervical cancer EORTC 55994.
Conclusions: These preliminary results revealed no difference in 5-year OS between NACTS and CCRT, indicating that quality of life and long term toxicity are important to decide optimal treatment. The final results will be available by April 2019, including long-term toxicity and treatment effect across prognostic factors. Clinical trial information: NCT00039338
Matthew A. Powell, Virginia L. Filiaci, Martee Leigh Hensley, Helen Q Huang,et al.
A randomized phase 3 trial of paclitaxel (P) plus carboplatin (C) versus paclitaxel plus ifosfamide (I) in chemotherapy-naive patients with stage I-IV, persistent or recurrent carcinosarcoma of the uterus or ovary: An NRG Oncology trial.
Conclusions: PC was not inferior to PI for OS with longer PFS and similar QOL and neurotoxicity. These results establish a new standard regimen for women with CS. Clinical trial information: NCT00954174
Yoland Catherine Antill, Peey Sei Kok, Kristy Robledo, Elizabeth Barnes,et al.
Activity of durvalumab in advanced endometrial cancer (AEC) according to mismatch repair (MMR) status: The phase II PHAEDRA trial (ANZGOG1601).
Conclusions: Durvalumab monotherapy showed promising activity and safety in AEC with dMMR regardless of prior lines of chemotherapy, but there was limited evidence of activity in AEC with pMMR. Clinical trial information: ACTRN12617000106336.
Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, Joyce F. Liu, Weixiu Luo, Carolyn N. Krasner,et al.
Phase 2, two-group, two-stage study of avelumab in patients (pts) with microsatellite stable (MSS), microsatellite instable (MSI), and polymerase epsilon (POLE) mutated recurrent/persistent endometrial cancer (EC).
Conclusions: In EC pts stratified by MSI/POLE status, MSI vs MSS status appears to be correlated with avelumab response even in PD-L1 negative tumors. Responses in the MSI/POLE cohort were more frequent in more heavily pretreated patients, a finding that warrants further investigation. Clinical trial information: NCT02912572
Mansoor Raza Mirza, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Michael J. Birrer, Rene dePont Christensen,et al.
Combination of niraparib and bevacizumab versus niraparib alone as treatment of recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer: A randomized controlled chemotherapy-free study—NSGO-AVANOVA2/ENGOT-OV24.
Conclusions: Both niraparib alone and the combination had meaningful activity in PSROC. Compared to niraparib alone, the chemotherapy-free regimen of niraparib and BEV significantly improved PFS in women with PSROC,regardless of HRD status and duration of CFI. Clinical trial information: NCT02354131
Claire Falandry, Aude Marie Savoye, Laetitia Stefani, Fabien Tinquaut,et al.
EWOC-1: A randomized trial to evaluate the feasibility of three different first-line chemotherapy regimens for vulnerable elderly women with ovarian cancer (OC): A GCIG-ENGOT-GINECO study.
Conclusions: Compared to 3-weekly and weekly Cb-Pa regimens, Cb single agent was reported to be less active with significant worse survival outcome in vulnerable elderly pts. In this population Cb-Pa combination remains a standard. Clinical trial information: NCT02001272
Nachstehend die Komentare von:
PD Dr. med. Christian Kurzeder, Leiter Brustzentrum, Universitätsspital Basel sowie Prof. Dr. Sven Mahner, Direktor der Frauenklinik Campus Großhadern, München: