Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Novel Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Combination Therapy

331  Uproleselan (GMI-1271), an E-Selectin Antagonist, Improves the Efficacy and Safety of Chemotherapy in Relapsed/Refractory (R/R) and Newly Diagnosed Older Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Final, Correlative and Subgroup Analyses

Daniel J. DeAngelo, et al.

The Abstract concludes: The addition of uproleselan to chemotherapy was well tolerated, with low oral mucositis rates, high remission rates, high MRD- and transplant rates, and promising survival outcomes in pts with R/R and TN AML. High E-sel-L expression is associated with improved remission and survival with uproleselan treatment in R/R AML. Phase III studies in pts with R/R and (older) TN AML are underway.


332  Indoximod Combined with Standard Induction Chemotherapy Is Well Tolerated and Induces a High Rate of Complete Remission with MRD-Negativity in Patients with Newly Diagnosed AML: Results from a Phase 1 Trial

Ashkan Emadi, et al.

The Abstract concludes: Indoximod is well tolerated in combination with standard AML induction therapy. Rates of morphologic response and of MRD-neg status are very promising. The recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) was 1200 mg oral Q8h and a placebo-controlled randomized phase 2 study is under development.


333  Molecular Patterns of Response and Outcome in the Chemotherapy and Venetoclax in Elderly AML Trial (CAVEAT study)

Andrew H Wei, et al.

The Abstract concludes: To date, VEN up to 600mg in combination with 5+2 induction chemotherapy is tolerable in fit elderly patients with AML. Initial response rates >80% were observed in de novo AML, as well as NPM1, RUNX1, RAS and IDH mutant AML, whereas responses were lower in patients with prior HMA exposure, adverse karyotype, secondary and TP53 mutant AML. Molecular determinants of relapse require further study.


334  Response to Venetoclax and Hypomethylating Agents Among Prognostic Risk Groups and Genetic Subtypes of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Ibrahim Aldoss, et al.

The Abstract concludes: We report remarkable activity with venetoclax and HMA across various high-risk genetics and clinical features in AML patients. Prospective studies are warranted to compare this combination directly with chemotherapy in all AML subsets. This is particularly true for high risk AML where response to conventional chemotherapy is poor.


335  Effective Immunomodulation with Pomalidomide Beginning at Early Lymphocyte Recovery during Induction Timed Sequential Therapy (TST)  for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and High-Risk Myelodysplasia (HR-MDS)

Joshua F Zeidner, et al.

The Abstract concludes: Pom can be added at the time of ELR after induction TST without increased toxicity and CR rates that compare favorably with historical controls of TST and other standard induction therapies. Despite administration at the time of profound cytopenias, Pom was well tolerated and did not significantly prolong hematologic recovery. Correlates suggest that Aiolos expression may be a pharmacodynamic biomarker of activity. Identification of immune biomarkers to predict for response and duration of response are ongoing. Further exploration of Pom both at the time of induction TST and during CR are warranted.


336  A Phase I/Pilot Study of CPX-351 [Daunorubicin and Cytarabine Liposome for Injection (Vyxeos®)] for Children, Adolescents and Young Adults with Recurrent or Refractory Acute Leukemia

Michael J. Absalon, et al.

The Abstract concludes: CPX-351 100 Units/m2/dose on Days 1, 3, and 5 was well tolerated in this pediatric population and has promising activity in children and young adults with R/R AML. Additional CNS directed therapy is recommended for pediatric patients at high risk for failure in the CNS.